Baby Camels   Camel Types & Breeds   Camel Types Page-II

Camel wings
That ancestors of the modern camel lived in North America at least 40 million years ago, wandering across the Alaskan 'land bridge' to Asia and eventually Africa.
In Asia, two groups separated to become the two chief types of camel known today: the Dromedary camel (Dromedarius) and the Bactrian camel (Bactrianus).


Wild Bactrian Camel
camelus bactrianus ferus

They are listed as critically endangered with approximately 600 surviving in China and 300 in Mongolia.

Studies suggest a significant DNA difference. Wild camels have three more genes than domestic camels and so they have concluded that they are a completely different species. By comparison humans have five more than chimpanzees. Wild Bactrian camels do have some notable traits that distinguish them from their relatives. The animal can survive by drinking a saltwater slush that is unpalatable to its domestic cousins. Compared to domestic camels, wild camels have smaller humps, smaller feet, shorter hair and a more slender body shape.
Camel Hobble

Dromedary Camel
Camelus Dromedarius
(camel running)

Are from the Middle East and North Africa. Single hump. Head and body length: 9.6-11 feet. Shoulder height: 5.8-7.5 feet. Weight: 700-1500 pounds. Their color ranges from white, brown, tan, red, black and spotted. With their longer legs they can easly out run the Bactrian camel.
Bactrian Camel
Camelus Bactrianus

These are Asian camels, which come form the deserts of China and Mongolia. They have two-humps, shorter-legges, are usually a beige color with hair that ranges from short to long depending on the season. Head and body length: 10-12 feet. Shoulder height: 6-7.6 feet. Weight: 1300-2100 pounds. Height of humps: up to 9 feet.
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F1 Camel

Is the result of cross breeding of Dromedary and Bactrian camel. This method of mating is prevalent in Afghanistan, Iran, Russia, and Turkey. Crossbreeding generally produces a bigger and heavier offspring than either parent. For example; they get up to 7.6 feet shoulder height and 2000 to 2200 lb. That is why they are often used as draft animals for carrying loads and plowing. They are easier to work, more patient and tolerant. Furthermore, these hybrid camels mature faster than the Dromedary and Bactrian camels... In Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan they are called; Tulu, Majen, Iver and Bertuar. In Iran the males are called Boghor and the females are called Hachamaia.
Camel Hobble

F2 Bactrian Camel

The cross breeding between a Bactrian and a F1 hybrid produces what is called an F2 Bactrian. This produces a three-quarter bred riding camel that is faster than most Bactrians and stronger than most Dromedary. These hybrids are found mostly in Kazakhstan.
F2 Dromedary Camel

The cross breeding between a Dromedary and a F1 hybrid produces what is called an F2 Dromedary. This three-quarter mix produces a larger and stronger Dromedary type, but this is seldom done these days.
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Printable Photo of The Different Breeds
Camel Control
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Also see: Camel Types